The German sports club Borussia Dortmund, whose official name is Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e.V. Dortmund (BvB), was founded in 1909 by 18 young football players. Borussia means Prussia in Latin. The football team is a membership-based club which has more than 145,000 members. Borussia's team colours are black and yellow, reason why they are called the "Schwarzgelben".
The Dortmund club played mostly local leagues during the first few decades and almost went bankrupt in 1929. After WWII, Borussia finally started winning titles. From 1946 to 1963, Borussia played in the western first division of the football league, Oberliga West. First national titles were won in 1956 and 1963.
In 1963, the German Football Association (DFB) established a professional football league and Borussia joined it. In 1966, BvB was the first German team to win a European Cup. Unfortunately, during the following three decades Borussia was better known for its financial problems than for winning titles.
Then came Ottmar Hitzfeld in 1992 and Borussia Dortmund went back to the top of German football, winning two Bundesliga titles in 1995 and 1996. In 1997, they even won the Champions League. Later they experienced a few miserable seasons, but came back triumphantly in 2008 with Jürgen Klopp.
Borusssia Dortmund is one of the most popular football clubs in Europe and it can be proud of 8 national titles, 4 DFB Cups, 1 UEFA Winner's Cup and 1 UEFA Champions League title, among others.
Many renowned names have played for Borussia Dortmund: August Lenz, Branko Rašović, Manfred Burgsmüller, Karl-Heinz Riedle, Michael Zorc, Jan Koller, Júlio César, Alfred Preissler and Robert Lewandowski.
Some of the current players have also already acquired quite a reputation. Ousmane Dembele is an energetic midfield player. Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang is such an excellent forward that many top European teams would like to have him. Mario Götze an outstanding attacking midfielder for BvB as well as for the German national team.
Borussia Dortmund can be proud of the highest revenues in its history, a sum that amounts to 405 million euros for 2016/17. This record was actually planned for 2019 according to the team's own financial predictions. A few years ago, the team generated revenues of 305 million euros (2012/13). These revenues decreased to 262 million euros one year later, according to Deloitte.
Borussia Dortmund is one of the most profitable teams in Europe, with an overall profit after tax of about 134 million euros between 2011 and 2017. It is estimated that the club is worth more than 1 billion euros.
There are more than 500 official Borussia Dortmund fan clubs worldwide, totaling the impressive number of 25,000 BvB organized fans. The Dortmund team has had a club department since 2004, providing fans with official information. Borussia also has an online fanzine called Schwatzgelb.de.
Borussia Dortmund can boast one of the highest average attendance in Europe with 80,000 spectators. The local fans usually take their seat, or stand, on the Südtribüne (South Stand), which has a capacity for 25,000 people. What is more, Borussia Dortmund fans were awarded the 2016 FIFA Fan Award for their rendition of "You'll never walk alone".
The home of Borussia Dortmund is the "Westfalenstadion", the largest stadium in Germany. Since 2005, it has also been called the "Signal Iduna Park", because the insurance company bought the rights. For official events of the FIFA or UEFA, the stadium has been called "FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund", and "BVB Stadion Dortmund". The stadium that was built in 1974 and has a current capacity of 81,359 spectators (standing and seated) for league matches and 65,829 (only seated) spectators for international events.
Once upon a time, from 1926 to 1974, Borussia Dortmund played at the "Stadion Rote Erde". Due to the growing popularity of the football club, the present home of the BvB was built and the old stadium is now used for Borussia Dortmund II.