Founded in 1987 and based in Turin, Juventus Turin FC is one of the most successful Italian football clubs. Juventus is actually Latin for "youth", probably because the team was first established by a group of grammar school students. The first official match of the team informally known as "Juve" was in 1900. Shirts with black and white vertical stripes have been the uniform of the team since 1903.
In 1905, Juventus Turin won its first Italian league championships. The team was acquired by the Agnelli family (Fiat) in 1923 and went on to win its second Italian league title in 1925-1926. The 1930s were very successful for Juve, with five Italian leagues titles. Moreover, some Juve players were part of the Italian National Team that won the 1934 World Cup. The popularity of Juventus Turin was favoured by the industrialisation of Turin since the automotive company Fiat attracted large amounts of workers during the 1950s and 1960s.
For most of its history, Juventus Turin remained in the first Italian league. The football club managed to win 59 official competitions. Besides Italian championships, Juve won the UEFA Champions League twice, the Intercontinental Cup twice, the UEFA Europa League 3 times and the UEFA Super Cup twice.
Quite a large number of football greats have played for Juventus over the years: Michel Platini, Pietro Anastasi, Omar Sívori, Gaetano Scirea, Roberto Bettega, Boniek, Michael Laudrup, Filippo Inzaghi, Pavel Nedvěd, David Trezeguet, Carlos Tevez, Alvaro Morata and Paul Pogba.
Some great names deserve a special mention. For example, Roberto Baggio played for Juventus Turin from 1990 to 1995 and was even FIFA World Player in 1993. All-time Juventus scorer, Alessandro del Piero shot 290 goals between 1993 to 2012. Another prominent player from 1996 to 2001 was Zinedine Zidane, who obtained both a FIFA World Player award as well as a Ballon d'Or while playing for Juventus. Probably the best goalkeeper, Gianluigi Buffon has been with Juve since 2001.
The financial situation at Juventus Turin could not be any better at the end of the successful 2016-2017 season. Significant increases in profits and revenue led to an annual turnover of more than €550 million according to Calcio e Finanza. For the same season, matchday revenues reached €27.74 million during the first six months. Juventus Turin had a team value of €1,160 million euros in June 2017 and an operating income of 52 million euros.
The club is also known for very expensive transfers. In 2001, they sold Zinedine Zidane to Real Madrid for around 75 million euros and bought Gianluigi Buffon for 45 million euros.
Fan Clubs of the Italian club all around the world are organised under the umbrella of the Juventus Official Fan Club Centre. Juventus Turin is the football club with the most supporters in its home country, but also has an estimated 180 million fans across the globe.
At a typical home match of Juventus Turin, 80% of the supporters are not actually from the city of Turin, but come from other parts of Italy. As far as social media is concerned, there are about 873,000 people that follow Juventus FC on Twitter and the team has around 30,000 followers on Facebook.
Since 2011, the home matches of Juventus Turin have taken place at the Juventus Stadium which is commonly referred to simply as the "Stadium" in Italy. The commercial name of the stadium though was changed to the Allianz Stadium in mid-2017. The modern stadium has a capacity of 41,000 spectators and hosted the 2014 UEFA Europa League Final.
This stadium was constructed on the old site of the Stadio delle Alpi, which was built for the 1990 World Cup and where Juventus played from 1990 to 2006. Before that, Juventus' home was the Stadio Olimpico Grande Torino, also known as the Stadio Comunale, which it shared with the Torino FC.